Allergy and Immunotherapy


Allergy is the body's abnormal response to some foreign substance. Allergic individuals have overzealous immune systems which cause exaggerated responses to substances which cause no difficulty in most individuals. These substances are called allergens and stimulate the body to form sensitizing antibodies. Repeated exposure results in the allergen combining with the antibodies causing the body to release histamine and other chemicals, which sets off a chemical warfare inside the body.


Symptoms

  • Sneezing
  • Watering/itching eyes
  • Cold-like symptoms that won't go away
  • Chronic cough
  • Clear nasal discharge
  • Nasal congestion

 





Conditions, Causes and Treatment

How Common Are Allergies


Approximately 35 million people in the U.S. have allergies. Allergy symptoms account for more visits to the doctor than any other single disease and are the leading cause of missed school days in this country.

Are Allergies Inherited


Specific allergies are not inherited, however you can inherit the tendency to develop allergies. For example, if one parent has allergies their children will have a 50% chance of developing allergies. If both parents suffer from allergies the probability of their children developing allergies increases to 75-80%.

 

Major Allergens - Seasonal


Active only during certain times of the year and include pollens such as: 
  • Trees 
  • Grasses 
  • Weeds

Avoidance


  • Dust free bedroom 
  • Mold control 
  • Pollen avoidance 
  • Eliminate pets or keep them outdoors

Medications


  • Antihistamines: help control “wet symptoms” (sneezing, runny nose and post nasal drip)
  • Decongestants: help congestion by shrinking swollen nasal tissues
  • Nasal sprays

Immunotherapy


Allergy injections stimulates the formation of blocking antibodies which prevent your allergic reaction.

Questions


If you have questions or would like some more information on allergies, contact our allergy department at: 304-340-2201.